Cheonggyecheon

                                           

                                                 The Berlin Wall (베를린장벽) 

Temporary pedestrian bridge (the site for Supyogyo)

( Hangul: 수표교)

 This bridge was originally located between 43 Sopyo-dong, Jung-gu, and 20 Gwanso-dong, Jongno-gu, and has now been reconstructed as an illustration of the traditional beauty of parapet and stone finishing. Supyogyo is the 18th tangible cultural property as designated by Seoul, and the 838th Treasury, Supyoseokju (stone pillar), was placed on top. Supyogyo was constructed during the 2nd year of the Sejong Era (1420), and was called ‘Majeongyo’ because there was a Majeon (commercial place) for dealing in horses nearby.

In the 36th year of the Yeongjo Era (1760), the writing ‘Gyeongjinjipyeong’ was carved into the stone pillar of Supyogyo, after the bed was dug as a standard for the riverbed level. It was used to help control flooding by monitoring the extent to which the river rose in the rainy season through the construction of the Supyoseok (stone post). The name of Supyogyo comes from this Supyoseok. In the Joseon Dynasty, since there was a Yeongjeejeon (royal shrine), enshrining a place for the King’s portrait scrolls, over Supyogyo, the King used to visit on New Year’s day, Hansik (the 105th day after winter solstice), during the Dano festival (the 5th day of the 5th month of the year according to the lunar calendar), Chuseok (the harvest festival: the 15th of August by the lunar calendar), Dongji (winter solstice), and the last day of the year. The biggest contribution, however, this bridge made to peoples’ lives was its use against flooding, by monitoring the rainfall and providing a warning to people of the need to take shelter. An anecdote related to this bridge is that the famous woman, who met the eyes of King Sukjong when he crossed the Supyogyo after worshiping at Yeongheejeon, was Jangheebin.

Gwansugyo(Hangul:  관수교)

Gwansugyo, an arch bridge illustrating the traditional Daecheong style, was constructed at the present site of Cheonggye 3-ga crossroad by the Japanese in 1918. Juncheonsa (building) was constructed for dredging Cheonggyecheon. The original name of this bridge originated from Juncheonsa, and was located at the present-day Gwansu-dong, which was a place to measure water level.

  Seungyo(Hangul: 세운교)

This bridge was constructed near the present-day Seun Arcade, and expresses the idea of light, as highlighted by the Arcade (which deals in lighting).

  Beodeuldari(Hangul:  배오개다리)

Baeogaedari is a bridge symbolizing the meetings among the people who cross Baeo-gil (road), and was named for the hill of Baeogae, which is located at the Jongno 4-ga crossroads.

Saebyeokdari(Hangul:  새벽다리)

This bridge is located in front of Bangsan Market, and highlights the history and nostalgia of the old Dongdaemun Market by applying the image of a marquee as the structure of its screen.

Majeongyo(Hangul:  마전교)

The name of Majeongyo, located in Cheonggye 5-ga, came from the Majeon, the place for buying and selling horses and cows. To express the origin of the village of light (Changseon), and the market for horses and cows, it was arranged with lighting in the traditional ribs of a lattice door and a bronze horse.

Naraegyo(Hangul:  나래교)

Naraegyo, located in front of Pyeonghwa Market, is shaped like a butterfly with its full wingspan, and is placed at the center of the Dongdaemun Clothing Stores. It expresses the meaning of flying for the nearby Dongdaemun Clothing Stores so that they become the center of world fashion.

Beodeuldari(Hangul:  버들다리)

The name of this bridge is quoted from Salix glandulosa, (the Korean name is Wang-Beodeul),
which was grown rather vigorously upstream of the Ogansumun (floodgates).

Ogansugyo(Hangul:  오간수교)

This was once the Hongyemun (gate), placed along Cheonggyecheon 6-ga, specifically located below the castle wall towards Euljiro 6-ga from Dongdaemun. That gate was composed of five sections (in Korean, 5(o)-gan) thereby having the name of ‘Ogansudari,’ or ‘Ogansumun.’ This bridge was constructed on the passing point of Cheonggyecheon from castle town. To provide a smooth flow along the Cheonggyecheon, a five arch-hole bridge was constructed when the castle was installed. The castle wall was then built on those holes, and a bridge was set up by connecting the holes with Jangdaeseok (long, large stones). This Ogansunum was built to create a smooth flow, but it was also used for escape or going to castle town. During the Myeongjong Era, the Imggeokjeong group used to enter and exit castle town through this Ogansumun to destroy jails and quickly escape. The bridge was replaced by a concrete version after Ogansunum was destroyed in 1907 by Japanese Imperialists intent on destroying the castle. It has since been restored through the Cheonggyecheon Restoration Project.

Malgeunnaedari(Hangul:  맑은내다리)

This bridge symbolized the power of the soaring butterfly by harmonizing the arch structures and cross cables. The name of ¡®Malgeunnaedari¡¯ is the name of Cheonggyecheon translated to original Korean.

       

 

Dasangyo(Hangul:  다산교)

Dasangyo is a modern-style bridge reflecting an environmentally friendly image by symbolizing the main tower of Sajanggyo (Bridge) in the leaves of the grass. The name is given by the road Dasanno, and was quoted from the pen name of realist Jeong Yakyong in the middle of the Joseon Dynasty.

 

Historic Laundry Site(Hangul: 빨래터)

The Cheonggyecheon was an obvious laundry site for women, a playground for children, and a living site for common people. This site revives the look of the river as a laundry site, filled with the joys and sorrows of women. It produces the scenery like a genre painting, by harmonizing with the 16 weeping willows transplanted from Cheonan, South Chungcheon-do. Though laundry washing is no longer allowed, this is a wonderful place to share memories and tell children some tales about days gone by.

Willows transplanted from Cheonan(Hangul: 천안 능수버들)

 

Yeongdogyo(Hangul:  영도교)

Yeongdogyo was originally situated downstream of the southern Cheonggyecheon, present Dongmyo (Sungin-dong 22), and located between Sungin-dong 234 and Sangwangsimni 748. It is an arch-shaped bridge, illustrating the traditional Daecheong style. Since the story of ‘Yeong-ibyeol-dari’ or ‘Yeongyeong-geonnun-dari’ of King Danjong, going into exile after being deprived of the throne to degrade to Nosangun, being seen leaving by the Jeongsun empress Song.

The appropriate name of ‘Yeongdogyo’ was given. This particular bridge saw a lot of traffic because it was the bridge to cross when traveling from Dongdaemun to Wangsimni (Ogansumun was near Dongdaemun). King Seongjong restored this bridge using stone, along with Salgojidari (bridge) (Jeongotgyo, Jeongwangyo), by mobilizing the monks. He also gave the writing of the king as ‘Yeongdogyo.’ Considering this, it can be seen that it was a large sized bridge with its own features. The stone bridge for this Yeongdogyo disappeared when Daewongun (King Gojong’s living father) ordered for the stones to be used for restoring Gyeongbokgung (Palace) during the initial Gojong Era. After that, a wooden bridge was built. It was since swept away, so there was a time to allow people to cross the stream by placing stones onto the streambed.

Hwanghakgyo(Hangul:황학교)

Hwanghakgyo is built for reflecting the characteristic of place of Hwanghak-dong Flea Market. The name of Hwanghak was initiated from the legend that yellow crane was come to fly into this fields.

      

                          

Wall of Hope(Hangul: 소망의 벽)

re than 20,000 citizens directly wrote and painted their own hopes and desires on the 10m x 10m ceramic tiles. This is a monument of the Cheonggyecheon Restoration Project developed by a nation of provinces, metropolitan cities, 5 provinces in North Korea, and Korean nationals abroad, as well as by the citizens of Seoul. Individual hopes are expressed on the tile and the Wall of Hopes was installed on both sides of the 50-meter-long wall located between Hwanghakgyo and Biudanggyo.

           

Rhythm Wall Fountain(Hangul:  리듬벽천)

This wall fountain was built on a riverside wooden deck. It helps maintain the flow of the water, and combines hydroponic facilities with colorful lighting. The image of fish in the river was illustrated by setting black oval stones against the marble wall at a height of 5 meters and a width of 20 meters. A total of 88 LED screens with 4 colors add to the elegance.

Biudanggyo(Hangul:  비우당교)

Biudanggyo is a bridge that reflects the future-oriented image of the new town, and its name was given from the following story: Hajeong Yugwan, a man of integrity during the Sejong Era of the Joseon Dynasty, lived near this bridge, and was known for such integrity that he should take shelter from the rainfall with an umbrella¡¦ even indoors.

Jonchigyogak & Tunnel Fountain(Hangul:  존치교각과 터널분수)

On this site rests the remaining pillars of the Cheonggye Expressway (overpass), called “Jonchigyogak,” between Biudanggyo and Muhakgyo, from its removal in August 2003. By leaving a small section of the overpass, one is prompted to ponder the significance of the Cheonggyecheon Restoration Project.

Near Jonchigyogak, different from common fountains with water soaring towards the sky, the flow of water spouting from these 5-meter high stone pillars falls into the stream like a tunnel, which is so called “Tunnel Fountain.” A total of 42 nozzles were installed along with the 50-meter wide tunnel fountain, and the injection distance reaches 16 meters.

Muhakgyo(Hangul:  무학교)

Muhakgyo is a bridge that was designed using the inspiration of the image of sunrays. In the early years of the foundation of the Joseon Dynasty, there was a high priest named Muhakdaesa, who followed King Taejo Lee Seonggye to examine the configurations of the ground with the intent of establishing a capital. The name of the bridge originated from that very priest.

 

      

                  

   

 
Mojeongyo Temporary pedestrian bridge (the site for Supyogyo) Majeongyo Dasangyo Dumuldari
Gwangtonggyo Gwansugyo Naraegyo Yeongdogyo Gosanjagyo
Gwanggyo Seungyo Beodeuldari Hwanghakgyo  
Jangtonggyo Baeogaedari Ogansugyo Biudanggyo  
Samilgyo Saebyeokdari Malgeunnaedari Muhakgyo  

Cheonggye Plaza Wall of Culture Rhythm Wall Fountain
Banchado of King Jeongjo Historic Laundry Site Jonchigyogak & Tunnel Fountain
Ongnyu Wall Fountain Wall of Hope Willow Sawmp

Cheonggyecheon Site: http://chinese.sisul.or.kr/grobal/cheonggye/eng/WebContent/sub_about.jsp?page=ceu040201

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